Craniofacial anomalies CFA are a diverse group of deformities in the growth of the head and facial bones. Anomaly is a medical term meaning "irregularity" or "different from normal. Some are mild and some are severe and need surgery.
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Syndromes continue to multiply like "Topsy," so a comprehensive and systematic treatment of some of them should be welcomed by clinicians. In Dr. Aita's atlas on syndromes with facial anomalies and neurologic defects one such treatment is offered.
Even minor facial deformities impose a burden on the personality: the face is vital for its identification of the individual. Defects in facial form cannot be concealed. The origins of most deformities lie in the bony skeleton. They may be either congenital or acquired.
Craniofacial is a medical term that relates to the bones of the skull and face. Craniofacial abnormalities are birth defects of the face or head. Some, like cleft lip and palateare among the most common of all birth defects.
Branchio-oculo-facial syndrome BOFS and congenital heart defects. We report the case of a day-old boy with branchio-oculo-facial syndrome BOFS and congenital heart defect. On clinical examination, he presented growth retardation, epicanthal folds, small palpebral fissures, telecanthus, broadened nasal bridge, lip pseudocleft, micrognathia, dysplastic and posteriorly-rotated ears, branchial clefts, short and webbed neck, supernumerary nipple, hypotonia and decreased deep tendon reflexes.
Even at the early stages of gestation, the fetal face can be examined. There have been observations of the normal anatomy, such as orbits and the forehead, starting with the 12th week of gestation. However, nowadays, ultrasound equipment still cannot distinguish the soft tissues of the face, which are too thin.
Introduction: Midline cleft of mandible, classified as Tessier 30 clefts is extremely rare, with less than reported cases in the latest studies. Variations in severity and associated malformations have been reported before. Case Presentation: In this report, we present the first documented Iranian case of Tessier 30 with median cleft of lower lip and bifid tongue concomitant with congenital heart defects. Conclusions: We explain embryologic origin, differential diagnosis, other associated anomalies and its treatment by reviewing literature.
The distribution of the sample according to the involvement of right, left, or both sides in the 99 patients with hemifacial microsomia. The percentage of patients with various associated anomalies in the 99 patients with hemifacial microsomia studied. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.