The fleet carried more than 1, people, consisting of convicts and their children, and marines and their families. They arrived at Botany Bay on 18 January after a journey of approximately 20, kilometres. However, Phillip perceived Botany Bay to be unsuitable for a settlement because of his belief that the area had poor soil, no safe anchorage and no reliable fresh water.
Between and the English sent overconvicts to Australia in ships. The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts and marines that are now acknowledged as the Founders of Australia. This is their story.
It was the beginning of a plan to transport thousands of prisoners to Australia to make convict settlements. The fleet was led by Captain Arthur Phillip. This journey lasted eight months, and used a route across the oceans that had only been used three times; once by Abel Tasman and twice by James Cook.
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In Maythe British government sent a fleet of 11 ships - carrying over men, women and children - 20, kilometres around the world. Track the first fleet. Approximately convicts were disembarked at Sydney Cove along with free persons including officials, members of the ships crews and marines with their families and children.
The women screamed as the huge waves crashed loudly on the wooden deck. Horrified, they watched the foaming torrent wash away their blankets. Many dropped to their knees, praying for the violent rocking to stop.
She carried male convicts and was the largest ship in the fleet. Being built in Hull, England inlittle is known about the vessel after her return journey to England, as there are no records after After an outward voyage of 9 months, Borrowdale was put back into service as a coal carried in general coastal trade, but several months later she sunk in a massive gale of Great Yarmouth Roads.
The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships which left Great Britain on 13 May to found a penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia. The fleet consisted of two Royal Navy vessels, three store ships and six convict transports, carrying more than 1, convicts, marines and seamen, and a vast quantity of stores. From England, the Fleet sailed southwest to Rio de Janeirothen east to Cape Town and via the Great Southern Ocean to Botany Bayarriving in mid-Januarytaking to days from departure to final arrival.
This was one of the greatest sea voyages in history — never had so many travelled so far. Eleven ships carried over men and women, along with the supplies they needed to set up a colony, across miles of ocean. The majority of those who travelled to Australia on the First Fleet were convicts.