Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Assisted delivery is less common in women who have had a spontaneous vaginal birth before. This is more likely if your baby's head needs to be turned.
Vacuum extraction VEalso known as ventouseis a method to assist delivery of a baby using a vacuum device. It is used in the second stage of labor if it has not progressed adequately. It may be an alternative to a forceps delivery and caesarean section.
If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Operative deliveries are vaginal deliveries accomplished with the use of a vacuum device or forceps. Once either is applied to the fetal head, outward traction generates forces that augment maternal pushing to deliver the fetus vaginally.
Related Editorial. Vacuum extractors have replaced forceps for many situations in which assistance is required to achieve vaginal delivery. Compared with metal-cup vacuum extractors, soft-cup devices are easier to use and cause fewer neonatal scalp injuries; however, they detach more frequently.
Operative vaginal delivery involves application of forceps or a vacuum extractor to the fetal head to assist during the 2nd stage of labor and facilitate delivery. Need to shorten the 2nd stage for maternal benefit—eg, if maternal cardiac dysfunction eg, left-to-right shunting or neurologic disorders eg, spinal cord trauma contraindicate pushing or maternal exhaustion prevents effective pushing. A prolonged 2nd stage is defined as follows 1 :.
Jump to navigation. This review of 32 studies women looks at assisted or instrumental vaginal deliveries in women in the second stage of labour. The importance of this review is due to the fact that Instrumental delivery is a frequent intervention in childbirth and in some cases may result in harmful outcomes for either mother or baby or both. The main comparisons are between the forceps or the ventouse.
Assisted vaginal delivery is vaginal delivery of a baby performed with the help of forceps or a vacuum device. It sometimes is called operative vaginal delivery. There are two types of assisted vaginal delivery: 1 forceps-assisted delivery and 2 vacuum-assisted delivery.
During vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery, your doctor uses a vacuum device to help guide your baby out of the birth canal. As with any other procedure, there are risks associated with vacuum-assisted delivery. Even normal vaginal deliveries can result in complications in both the mother and the baby. In most cases, the vacuum extractor is used to avoid a cesarean delivery or to prevent fetal distress.